Kiwi Planting And Care

Planting Guide for Kiwi Plants

1. Site Selection:

  • Choose a location with full sunlight, well-drained soil, and protection from strong winds.

  • Ensure good air circulation to prevent fungal diseases.

2. Soil Type:

  • Kiwi plants prefer well-draining, loamy soil with a slightly acidic to neutral pH (pH 5.0-7.0).

  • Amend soil with organic matter for improved fertility and drainage.

3. Spacing Apart:

  • Plant kiwi vines 10-12 feet apart, allowing ample space for lateral growth.

  • Ensure proper spacing between rows (8-12 feet) for easy access and maintenance.

4. Time of Year to Plant:

  • Plant kiwi vines in late winter to early spring, before active growth begins.

  • Avoid planting during extreme temperatures or frost periods.

5. Preparing to Plant:

  • Dig a hole twice as wide and deep as the root ball.

  • Set up a trellis system for support as kiwi vines are vigorous climbers.

  • Place the plant in the center of the hole, backfill with soil, and water thoroughly.

6. Watering:

  • Keep the soil consistently moist, especially during the growing season.

  • Deep watering is crucial for establishing a strong root system.

  • Mulch around the base of the plant to retain soil moisture.

7. Fertilizing:

  • Use a balanced fertilizer in early spring before new growth.

  • Apply a high-potassium fertilizer during the flowering and fruiting stages.

8. Pollination:

  • Kiwi plants are dioecious, meaning you need both male and female plants for fruiting.

  • Plant at least one male plant for every 4-8 female plants.

9. Pruning:

  • Prune kiwi vines in late winter to control growth and encourage fruit production.

  • Remove dead or weak wood, and train vines along the trellis system.

10. Care Through the Seasons:

  • Spring: Monitor for pest and disease issues; provide support for growing vines.

  • Summer: Continue regular watering; thin excessive fruit for larger, healthier kiwis.

  • Fall: Prune for shape and remove any dead or diseased wood.

11. Managing Pests:

  • Regularly inspect for pests like aphids and spider mites; use insecticidal soap or Neem Oil if needed.

12. How to Keep Your Kiwi Vines Healthy and Productive:

  • Monitor for signs of nutrient deficiencies and adjust fertilization accordingly.

  • Keep the area around the vines weed-free to reduce competition for nutrients.

13. Harvest and Storage:

  • Harvest kiwis when they yield to gentle pressure and are fully ripe.

  • Store ripe kiwis in the refrigerator for up to 3 weeks.

14. Types of Kiwi:

  • Common kiwi (Actinidia deliciosa) and Hardy kiwi (Actinidia arguta) are popular varieties.

  • Choose varieties based on your climate, space, and taste preferences.

15. Choosing Plants:

  • Purchase disease-resistant and well-branched plants from reputable nurseries.

  • Consider the space available and select appropriate male and female plants.

16. Cold Hardiness:

  • Select kiwi varieties that are suitable for your USDA hardiness zone.

  • Provide winter protection for young plants in colder regions.

17. Care by Season:

  • Spring: Prune to manage vine growth and encourage lateral branching. Apply fertilizer and inspect for signs of pests and diseases.

  • Summer: Water consistently, especially during dry spells. Monitor for pests and provide support for the growing vines.

  • Fall: Harvest ripe fruit, and consider mulching around the base to protect roots during winter.

  • Winter: Prune as needed to maintain shape and remove any damaged or dead wood.